Japan has one of the most intricate trash disposal systems that I know of. It’s rather tedious and confusing at first, but after a little while, it becomes second nature. It is not acceptable to simply throw your trash into a single bag in Japan. Most trash can be put in transparent or semitransparent bags up to 40 liters in size sorted accordingly. Anything that does not easily fit in a 40 liter bag must be paid to be disposed of. The separation process differs from city to city, but here is a general idea taken from Wakayama city’s Garbage disposal guide:
Burnable Garbage 燃えるごみ(moeru gomi)Edit
Includes combustible garbage 可燃ごみ(kanen gomi)
- Kitchen garbage
- Paper diapers (please remove soils)
- Clothes and cloth, except incombustible ｗaste
- materials (please remove metals)
- Sticks (less than 3cm x 60cm)*
- Heavily stained plastic products
- Documents & waste paper*
- Cds, dvds, tapes
Non-burnable Garbage 燃やせないごみ(moyasenai gomi)Edit
Includes incombustible garbage 不燃ごみ(funen gomi)
- Ceramic ware
- Glass products (except glass bottles)
- light bulbs
- Metal ware (knives, scissors, etc)
- Electronics, small home appliances
- Pots & pans
=Plastic Garbage プラスティック(pura)Edit
- Plastic bags
- Bottles and plastic bottle covers - shampoo and drink bottles, etc...
- Trays and packs- containers of eggs, convenient store containers, etc...
- Styrofoam - cup noodles’ bowls, etc...
- Medicine containers
Recyclable Waste 資源ゴミ(shigen gomi)Edit
- Glass bottles
- P.E.T. Bottles
Hazardous Waste 危険物(kikenbutsu)Edit
- Dry cell batteries
- Mercury thermometers - Put into a clear bag and place into the appropriate container.
- Fluorescent light bulbs - put into their original cases or wrap them in paper
- Spray cans, gas cartridges, lighters - use contents completely